Truths about Hollow Mars/Planets
In the book “ Journey to the Earth’s Interior,” ( 1913 ) Marshall B. Gardner gathers together testimony relating to the sightings of a gleam or glint of light emanating from the North Polar area of Mars, which was observed by the astronomers Lowell, Mitchell and Green, all during different years and and from different locations. There is also evidence of a round, bubble-like white irradiation photographed by the Yerkes Observatory. On a thumb-nail sized picture of Mars ( not reproduceable here ) , this bubble-like irradiation sits like a pin head on the pole. Gardner makes a strong case in favor of the hypothesis that the light originates from the interior of Mars, from the planet’s inner sun.
We will present the pertinent sections of Gardner’s book below for reference. The reader should realize that, although this information is older, it is especially reliable as there was little censurship in those times. For example, Percivell Lowell, who was one source of information, was independently wealthy, a Boston brahmin, and had to offer explanations to no man.
Professor Lowell records:
" Meanwhile an interesting phenomenon occured in the cap on June 7 ( this was in 1894 ). On that morning at about a quarter to six (or, more precisely, on June 8, 1 hour, 17 minutes, G. M. T.), as I was watching the planet, I saw suddenly two points like stars flash out in the midst of the polar cap. Dazzlingly bright upon the duller white background of the snow, these stars shone for a few moments and then slowly disappeared. The seeing at the time was very good.” Of interest is the fact that professor Lowell points out two separate, star-point flashes, lasting but moments.
Gardner from page 83: “ In this same part of his book, " Mars ", Lowell speaks of a fellow observer, Mr. Douglass, who detected " rifts " in the cap-- which sounds suspiciously as if this observer has seen clouds in the interior of the planet passing across the face of the polar opening. And Lowell adds, ‘ On June 13 I noticed that behind the bright points the snow ( he calls it ) fell off shaded to this rift ‘ which again sounds as if clouds were gathering near the bright spots. He continues:
‘ Bright spots continued to be seen at various points to the westward round the cap ... Throughout these days the cap was wont to appear shaded on the terminator side.’ The last sentence surely suggests that cloud formations were coming into the field of view and that wherever they thinned the bright spots from the central sun could be seen between them.”
The reader will notice the image above of the floor of the depression which sits at the North Pole of Mars. There is definitely a crater-like depression, but it does not seem to funnel directly into any openings which lead to the hollow cavity of the planet. However, Lowell’s testimony stressed that two separate glints of light were seen, and the floor of the depression does show two rather large crevices. Could it be that the flash points of light reported by the astronomers above are glimpses of the inner sun shining through these crevices?
Joseph H. Cater wrote the author in a personal letter that " With no large openings, Mars has to have a relatively thin shell." The interior sun of other planets, such as the Earth, can ventilate through these openings. When soft particles build up within the Earth's inner cavity due to sunspot activity, such particles spurt out with such force that the soft particles disintegrate into their constituent light in the process and form the aurora. Since the thin shell of Mars allows low frequency particles to radiate back outward, significant polar openings are not necessary.
The above is a photograph of Mars provided by the Hubble Space telescope. The central depression/crater is visible right at the Martian North Pole. It is about 10% of the diameter of the entire planet, a huge crater. It is deep, shockingly deep. And the reader will note that it is practically empty, as even some orangish ground can be seen at the bottom along with some residual ice. This tells us that the above picture is a picture of the Northern Martian hemisphere in the summer, as the “ ice cap “ has largely melted and the crater is empty.
A polar depression such as the one which we see at the top of Mars, is simply a natural result of the planet’s formative process. The amount of centrifugal force which would have been necessary to impose the almost perfect roundness upon the exterior surface of the planet would have surely opened up a cavity within. Matter would have been drawn towards the equator, making the equatorial region thicker, leaving the crust at the axial points thin- or even ruptured- at the top.
The traditional explanation that the polar depressions on Mars ( and other planets ) are actually huge impact craters is not tenable. An impact crater would have a depth which corresponds to its diameter, which this one doesn't have. An impact capable of producing a depression which is a significant percentage of a planet's diameter would break the planet asunder. And how do we explain the fact that Mars has two similar craters at the polar points, nearly the exact opposite of each other?
The reader will notice that the photo below of the SOUTHERN polar area of Mars, culled and enhanced by Liz Edwards of Iwonderproductions, also shows an opening. There is even some geometry associated with the opening in this picture.
The traditional idea that the public has in relation to the ice caps is that they are rather thick and that they accumulate during the Martian winters and melt during the Martian summers. However, it can be seen that, in the first picture, the northern depression/crater is empty. This indicates that the ice had melted, which suggests that the crater does not fill to the brim with accumulated ice in the first place. How could it be that such a tremendous quantity of ice could accumulate every winter, only to melt away again during the summer and leave the crater empty? How much water would be involved to accumulate in a crater which is hundreds of miles wide and many, many miles deep? This would be something akin to having the entire ice sheet on Antartica build up and melt every year. Where would such an amount of water/ice come from? Mars is presented to us as a mostly dry planet, supposedly with no rivers or lakes. The Martian atmosphere is said to have only 2% of the density of the Earth’s atmosphere, so it could not be laden with much moisture given this model. Even on the Earth, a planet which is 2/3 covered with water, we cannot imagine such a phenomenal amount of accumulation and melting taking place over the span of a year.
If the depression were largely filled with ice which melts, we would have to witness the water draining out and sloshing here and there. Astronomers have ventured the explanation that the water may be quickly absorbed by cracks and crevices, such that we simply have never observed it drain, but that would be a lot of water to disappear unperceived. Is such an explanation reasonable?
The above photograph suggests that the ice- were it ice- is relatively shallow in the depression, only coming to the brim on one side, and way below the brim on the other. Other photos, however, show the depression full to the brim on all sides. We cannot accept that it is accumulated ice which is responsible for this, for the reasons which we have just gone over.
Therefore, we can concludes that the polar depression is principally filled by cloud cover which accumulates every winter. The clouds fill in the polar depression and stay put in that area. This fits in well with Gardner’s theory that it was cloud cover which is actually seen at the pole. And where does thick, heavy cloud cover come from on a planet whose atmosphere is only 2% of that of Earth’s? The traditional, solid-planet model does not explain this cloud phenomenon in any suitable way.
The Hollow Planet Theory offers a tenable explanation; that the clouds result from the warmer atmosphere from the interior of the planet in contact with the colder, outer atmosphere. Although there is no gaping hole seen in any NASA images of Mars, the picture above shows crevices which can allow the passage of humid air and clouds from within the planet. The Martian polar depression, then, is the threshold of an opening to the interior of the planet.
Thus common notions about Mars do not correspond to observations, which is why Joseph H. Cater insists on a thick Martian atmosphere in his book The Awesome Life Force:
“ According to NASA, recent calculations have shown that the Martian atmosphere has only about one percent the density of the earth's. This contradicts other findings concerning cloud formations. Dense and very extensive clouds are often detected on Mars. Pictures of the volcano Olympus Mons have shown clouds hovering close to the summit of the mountain, which is supposed to rise 15 miles above the surrounding countryside. It is claimed that clouds are often found at an elevation of 90,000 feet! This is much higher than any water vapor and ice clouds found on the earth. The fact that they move shows that the air is sufficiently dense at such altitudes to produce winds capable of moving clouds. This indicates that Mars actually has an atmosphere denser than that of earth.
Another factor that confutes the claim of a thin atmosphere is the tremendous dust storms that often occur. Some of them dwarf any that have ever been experienced here on earth. The experts try to surmount this difficulty by assuming wind velocities of over 300 miles per hour. How sustained wind velocities of this magnitude could be achieved has never been made clear. In addition, extensive areas of fine dust necessary to produce such a condition could not exist in an atmosphere as thin as that which has been attributed to Mars.”
In the picture above, we can see clouds fingering their way through what appear to be mountains or maybe even eroded pyramids. Even though these mountains do not have the height of Olympus Mons, these clouds do not fit in with the mainstream understandings of the Martian atmosphere.
Such an atmosphere would have to be deep given the fact that clouds are observed at 90,000 feet. What to speak of the fact that the planet reflects light at the end of the spectrum, red. Even the Earth’s atmosphere only reflects light within the blue spectrum into outer space, what to speak of a planet whose atmosphere is deep enough to bring light to the reddish end of the spectrum.
Again, a Martian atmosphere lends a lot of support to the idea that cloud cover obscured the flashes of light observed by the astronomers above
The NASA pictures, together with the evidence gathered by Marshall Gardner and Joseph H. Cater, should be sufficient to give the reader a different perpective on the matter of polar openings leading to hollow planets. Hopefully they have.
Observations on Mars ( From Gardner's Book )
Let us turn to an observation of Professor Lowell of the utmost value. On page 86 of his book, " Mars", Professor Lowell records:
" Meanwhile an interesting phenomenon occured in the cap on June 7 ( this was in 1894 ). On that morning at about a quarter to six ( or, more precisely, on June 8, 1 hour, 17 minutes, G. M. T. ), as I was watching the planet, I saw suddenly two points like stars flash out in the midst of the polar cap. Dazzlingly bright upon the duller white background of the snow, these stars shone for a few moments and then slowly disappeared. The seeing at the time was very good. It is at once evident that the other-world apparitions were-not the fabled signal lights of the Martian folk, but the glint of ice-slopes flashing for a moment earthward as the rotation of the planet turned the slope to the proper angle [ This was, of course, in his opinion! ] . . . . But though no intelligence lay behind the action of these lights they were none the less startling for being Nature's own flash-lights across one hundred million miles of space."
These star-like points had, however, been seen before, and Lowell goes on to check up his observations with those of others
“ Calculation showed the position of the star points to be in longitude 280 degrees and 290 degrees, and in latitude 76 degrees south. At this place on the planet then there was a range of slopes sufficiently tilted to reflect the sun from their ice-clad sides. On comparing its position with Green's map of his observations upon the cape of ( Maderira) in 1877, it appeared that this was the identical position of the spot where he had seen star-points then, and where Mitchell had seen them in 1846, to whom they had suggested the same conclusion. Green Christened them the `Mitchell Mountains.' At the time both these observers saw them, they were detached from the rest of the cap. We shall see that they eventually became islands, just as Green saw them, and that the observation in June marked an earlier stage in their history."
Now it is important to note in the above exactly what was seen- this is far more important to do that than to pass it over and listen to Lowell's ideas, merely, about what he saw. And the definite thing that Lowell plainly saw, and was astonished by, and specifically mentioned, was " two points like stars flash out in the midst of the polar cap."
And let us also note that Green saw, many years earlier, two spots and that Mitchell saw, as far back as 1846, something similar but with a difference- which we shall come to presently. But meanwhile let us see how inadequate is Professor Lowell's explanation of what he saw- so that we may keep distinct the actual thing and the mere theory which was made up to account for it. In the first place, Edward S. Morse, in his " Mars and its Mystery ", a book which warmly supports Lorvell's theories about life on Mars, on page 138, tells of photographs taken by Professor Pickering of the polar regions of Mars in which a vast area of white appeared around the pole in the amazingly short space of 24 hours. In that time na area nearly as large as the United States was visible as a white cap, and then it gradually disappeared.
And yet Professor Lowell asks us to believe- if this is really ice at the poles- that it is so permenent that two very steep slopes- so steep as to reflect light direct to the Earth- should keep their size and shapes and positions from 1846, when Mitchell saw them, until the present day. And we remember, also, Professor Newcomb’s explanation that there is no snow or ice at the Martian poles but only immensely fine hoar frost- which could not possibly pile up into steep cliffs and reflect light to us in the way described. And even Professor Lowell himself, in his other book, " Mars as the Abode of Life," admits that it would be very hard to prove that the polar caps were composed of snow or hoar-frost, and that he could not have-- to his satisfaction--- proved it if it had not been that around the polar area was to be seen a band of dark blue which he took to be water from the melting ice of the snow-cap ( page 81 ). But
later on in the same book he speaks (page 140) of the well-known total disappearance of the one cap and the almost entire extinction of the other, showing how each summer melts what the winter had deposited, and that in both cases that is nearly the sum total of the cap.
But if both caps are thus depleted by each summer, how could a great ice cliff-again we ask the same question-remain since 1846 to reflect to us the light that Lowell saw?
No, there are too many contradictions there. Ice cliffs, if they formed in Jthe polar regions of Mars, would form at so many different angles and in so many different relative positions that flashes would be constantly sent over to us. There would be a display as continuous as that of heliograph signaling. As a matter of fact, what Lowell really did see was a direct beam-two direct beams at the same moment-flashing from the central sun of Mars out through the aperature of the Martian pole-does not the blue rim around that area to which Lowell has referred indicate the optical appearance of the reflecting surface of the planet gradually curving over to the interior so that at a certain part of the curve it begins to cease reflecting the light?--and the fact that it is not seen often simply shows that it is only when Mars is in a certain position with relation to the earth that we are able to penetrate the mouth of the polar opening and catch the direct beam.
BRILLIANT LIGHT FROM POLAR CAPS
Mitchell, whom Lowell quotes in the above extract, has some very interesting points to make. He speaks of the brilliant light of the polar caps- a light more brilliant than that of the other surfaces which are supposed to be covered with ice. Then comes his description of the beam of light which we hold to come direct from the central sun of Mars:
" On the evening of the 30th of August ( 1845 ), I observed, for the first time, a small bright spot, nearly or quite round, projecting out of the lower side of the polar spot. In the early part of the evening the small bright spot seemed to be partly buried in the large one .. . . . After the lapse of an hour or more, my attention was again directed to the planet, when I was astonished to find a manifest change in the position of the small bright spot. . . .In the course of a few days the small spot gradually faded from the sight and was not seen at any subsequent observation."
COMPARING THESE OBSERVATIONS
It will be noticed that Lowell speaks as if what he saw was the same gleam and glint that Green saw, and the same thing that Mitchell saw. But if it were really a permanent ice-cliff, why did Lowell and Green see the two flashes and Mitchell one fash?' And why did something so permanent that both Green and Lowell saw it many years apart, why did it prove so impermanent when :Mitchell saw it? Why was it only one gleam then, and not two, and why did it fade away?
A GLEAM FROM CENTRAL SUN OF MARS
Obviously it was a gleam from the central sun of Mars that Mitchell saw, and the reason it faded was because cloudy weather gradually obscured the interior atmosphere of Mars. [ Or did internal agitation by the inner sun subside? ] And when Green and Lowell saw it a small cloud had passed over the face of the interior sun and that broke the gleam into two projecting beams with this opacity between them so that to Lowell two separated parts of the area of the Martian sun were visible and each sent its rays of light direct into his telescope. [ Or does the internal sun of Mars shine through separate openings at the poles? ]
OBSERVATIONS VERSUS EXPLANATIONS
It is very interesting to read Lowell's account of these observations and to note how his observations all fit into one another and are accurate and how his explanations fail to account really for what he sees. In this same part of his book, " Mars," he speaks of a fellow observer, Mr. Douglass, who detected " rifts " in the cap-- which sounds suspiciously as if this observer has seen clouds in the interior of the planet passing across the face of the polar opening. And Lowell adds, " On June 13 I noticed that behind the bright points the snow (he calls it) fell off shaded to this rift " which again sounds as if clouds were gathering near the bright spots. He continues:
"Bright spots continued to be seen at various points to the westward round the cap . . . . Throughout these days the cap was wont to appear shaded on the terminator side."
The last sentence surely suggests that cloud formations were coming into the field of view and that wherever they thinned the bright spots from the central sun could be seen between them.
We may note, in passing, that Proctor, the English astronomer, also refers, in his " Other Worlds than Ours," to the brightness of the polar regions although he goes not have the correct explanation of it.
That more attention should be paid to this brightness of the polar regions of Mars, is emphasized by an English astronomer, W. E. Denning, who contributed to the English scientific periodical, Nature, an article on the physical appearance of the planet from observations made in 1886. He says:
` During the past few months the north polar cap of Mars has been very bright, sometimes offering a startling contrast to those regions of the surface more feebly reflective. . . These luminous regions of Mars require at least as much careful investigation as the darker parts, for it is probably in connection with them that physical changes ( if at present operating on the planet's surface ) may be definitely observed. In many previous drawings and descriptions of Mars, sufficient weight has not been accorded to these white spots."
Earlier writers, however, had noticed that the spots were brighter than the other surfaces of Mars, an astronomer, writing in the Scientific American Supplement as early as 1879, in effect, having made that observation. But this writer was not aware of the real nature of the light. In 1892 the celebrated English astronomer, J. Norman Lockyer, repeated in a periodical a number of obeservations he had made thirty years before and had then communicated to the Royal Astronomical Society of England. Here is a significant quotation:
"The snow-zone was at times so bright that, like the crescent of the young moon, it appeared to project beyond the planet's limb. This effect of irradiation was frequently visible; on one occasion the snow spot was observed to shine like a nebulous star when the planet itself was obscured by clouds, a phenomenon noticed by Messrs. Beer and Madler, recorded in their valuable work, `Fragments sur les Corps Celestes.' The brightness, however, seemed to vary very considerably, and at times, especially when the snow zone was near its minimum, it was by no means the prominent object it generally is upon the planet's disc."
A DIRECT SOURCE OF LIGHT
No one who reads the above in the light of our theory can fail to see how it fits into it. A snow cap would not reflect light with so much more vividness than the other surfaces of the planet, and only direct beams of light coming from a central sun could give that luminous effect above the surface of the planet and varying as the atmosphere in the interior or above it was clouded or clear. Had it been a mere ice cap there would not have been this luminosity and, in particular, there would have been no luminosity when the planet was covered with clouds as Lockyer says it was. Furthermore, that luminosity is precisely what our own aurora borealis would look like if our planet was viewed prom a great distance. And the light is the same in both cases.
JULY '98 ISSUE OF SCIENTIFIC AMERICA
From The Ultimate Reality, page 261:
JULY '98 ISSUE OF SCIENTIFIC AMERICA " MAN'S PATHFINDER MISSION "
A recent great confirmation to what has been revealed concerning Mars' atmosphere and its size was unwittingly presented by an article that appeared in the July 1998 issue of Scientific American. The title is " Man's Pathfinder Mission." A computer enhanced photo showed a sunset on the terrain. The sky was red and the light from the sun was far more diffused that it would be on Earth. Since Mars is much larger that Earth, the horizon is much further away. This means the light must pass through a lot more atmosphere. This coupled with the fact Mars has more than three times as much atmos-phere per unit area than Earth compounds the situation. It looked as if the sun were peeking through a cloud formation. Sunset was the " ideal " time to take the photo since the other part of the binary had already dipped below the horizon.
Another computer enhanced photo showed blue clouds in the sky. It was stated that of all the water in the clouds condensed as rain it would produce a layer of water less than 1/100 of a millimeter thick. This demonstrates the kind of intelligence prevalent among our venerated scientists. How could such an infinitesimal amount of water produce a cloud, let alone ones a prominent as those shown in the photo.
MOC narrow-angle image M08-04688
This is one of the images that Sir Arthur C. Clarke says makes him " 95% convinced " that it represents " large forms of life " on Mars:
He wrote to me via e-mail on March 9, 2001 and stated:
" I'm 95% convinced that there's no other conclusion...."
I fully agree that this is close to incontrovertible evidence of large present or past ³tree-like² organisms on Mars. I do not believe that these will be explained as ³geological features² or illusions. Only closer-in imaging will decide the matter There is much more, as time will tell.
Here is what Arthur Clarke said:
On February 25, in an interview with Buzz Aldrin video
taped by Space.com, Arthur C. Clarke said:
" I'm fairly convinced that we have discovered life on Mars. There are some incredible photographs from [the Jet Propulsion Laboratory], which to me are pretty convincing proof of the existence of large forms of life on Mars! Have a look at them. I don't see any other interpretation."
Eugene F. Mallove, Sc.D.
Editor-in-Chief, Infinite Energy
Director, New Energy Research Laboratory
P.O. Box 2816 ? Concord, NH 03302-2816
Tel. 603-228-4516 ? Fax 603-224-5975
? http://www.infinite-energy.com ? firstname.lastname@example.org
This unusual crater on Mars was brought to our attention by Steve Wingate at: www.anomalous-images.com